Animals have different physical characteristics that protect themselves from their enemies. These include:
a) has horns
Deer, rhinoceros and buffalo have sharp horns to fight-off and injure their enemies.
b) has sharp claws
Tiger, lion and leopard have sharp claws to fight-off and injure their enemies.
c) has hard scales
A pangolin and an ant eater has a hard scales as its special characteristics to protect itself.
d) has hard shell
The bodies of garden snails, clams, crabs and tortoises are covered by a hard shell. The shells help them to protect their enemies. Garden snails and tortoises can also pull their head, legs or their whole bodies inside their shell. Clams protect themselves by closing up their shells.
e) has spines
Porcupines, porcupine fish and starfish have spines on the surface of their body. The spines can injure enemies that go near or attack these animals. Porcupines raise their long, stiff spines as a warning when their enemies go near them. A porcupine fish can inflate its body by drinking a lot of water. This raises the sharp spines on the fish’s body. The spines help to keep the fish’s enemies away.
f) has sting and provide poisonCentipedes, cobras, wasps and scorpions ca defend themselves from their enemies by using their poison. Centipedes and cobras can bite their enemies to weaken or kill them. Wasps and scorpions can sting their enemies to weaken or kill them.
Besides physical characteristics, some animals also behave in special ways to protect themselves from enemies. These include:
a) pretending to be dead
Some beetles and millipedes pretend to be dead when they are attacked or threatened.
b) giving off black ink
Squid can give off black ink that darkens the water around to confuse their enemies.
c) changing the colour of fur or skin
The artic fox can change the colour of its fur to match the colour of its surrounding. In spring and summer, the artic fox has grey fur. Before the start of autumn and winter, its fur will change to white. By changing the colour of its fur, the artic fox can avoid being detected by its enemies easily. Chameleon can change their skin colour to match the colour of their surroundings, for example, the colour a tree trunk. This ability helps chameleons to hide from their enemies.
Some animals have body shapes or colours that match their surroundings. This makes it easier for these animals to hide from their enemies. Leaf insects have green body parts that look like leaves. Sticks insects have along, thin body that look like a stick or twig. Their body colour is also similar to the colour of twigs. Zebras have black and white stripes on their bodies. This makes it more difficult for their enemies to spot them from a distance.
e) living in groups
Elephants, deer, buffaloes and zebras live and move from place to place in groups (herds). This allows them to defend themselves together when they are in danger. For example, when predator tries to attack the young of the elephants, the adult elephants will form a circle and keep their young in the centre of the circle.